The work was not heard in a complete public performance, however, until some years after it was completed. Although there were four performances between September and October , they were all either private the first performance, in London or incomplete two others in London and one in Birmingham. The premiere was at the Queen's Hall on 29 September ,  conducted by Holst's friend Adrian Boult before an invited audience of about people. The first complete public performance was finally given in London by Albert Coates conducting the London Symphony Orchestra on 15 November The concept of the work is astrological  rather than astronomical which is why Earth is not included, although Sun and Moon are also not included while including the non-traditional Uranus and Neptune : each movement is intended to convey ideas and emotions associated with the influence of the planets on the psyche , not the Roman deities.
The idea of the work was suggested to Holst by Clifford Bax , who introduced him to astrology when the two were part of a small group of English artists holidaying in Majorca in the spring of ; Holst became quite a devotee of the subject, and would cast his friends' horoscopes for fun. This influenced Holst at least to the degree that the working title of his own composition was Seven Pieces for Large Orchestra.
When composing The Planets Holst initially scored the work for four hands, two pianos, except for Neptune, which was scored for a single organ , as Holst believed that the sound of the piano was too percussive for a world as mysterious and distant as Neptune. Holst then scored the suite for a large orchestra, in which form it became enormously popular. Holst's use of orchestration was very imaginative and colourful, showing the influence of such contemporary composers as Igor Stravinsky  and Arnold Schoenberg ,  as well as such late Russian romantics as Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Glazunov.
Its novel sonorities helped make the work an immediate success with audiences at home and abroad. Although The Planets remains Holst's most popular work, the composer himself did not count it among his best creations and later in life complained that its popularity had completely surpassed his other works.
He was, however, partial to his own favourite movement, Saturn. Adrian Boult . Balfour Gardiner. It was hastily rehearsed; the musicians of the Queen's Hall Orchestra first saw the complicated music only two hours before the performance, and the choir for Neptune was recruited from pupils from Morley College and St Paul's Girls' School where Holst taught. It was a comparatively intimate affair, attended by around invited associates,    but Holst regarded it as the public premiere, inscribing Boult's copy of the score, "This copy is the property of Adrian Boult who first caused the Planets to shine in public and thereby earned the gratitude of Gustav Holst.
A public concert was given in London under the auspices of the Royal Philharmonic Society on 27 February , conducted by Boult. He felt that when the public were being given a totally new language like that, "half an hour of it was as much as they could take in". It is not clear whether this performance was conducted by Appleby Matthews  or the composer.
Thursday 9 July Friday 10 July Saturday 11 July Sunday 12 July Monday 13 July Tuesday 14 July Wednesday 15 July Thursday 16 July Friday 17 July Saturday 18 July Sunday 19 July Monday 20 July Tuesday 21 July Wednesday 22 July Thursday 23 July Friday 24 July Saturday 25 July Sunday 26 July Monday 27 July Tuesday 28 July Wednesday 29 July Thursday 30 July Friday 31 July Saturday 1 August Sunday 2 August Monday 3 August Tuesday 4 August Wednesday 5 August Thursday 6 August Friday 7 August Saturday 8 August Sunday 9 August Monday 10 August Tuesday 11 August Prelude from "Moods Suite".
Haydn Wood. Radio Romantic. The Voice of London Charles Williams. Jumping Bean Robert Farnon. Boulevardier Frederic Curzon. Shooting Star Sidney Torch. Holiday Spirit Clive Richardson. On a Spring Note Sidney Torch. Jamaican Rumba Arthur Benjamin.
Pictures in the Fire Robert Farnon. Rhythm on Rails Charles Williams. Genre Classical. Styles Orchestral. Musical Kaleidoscope, Vol. A Box of Light Musical Allsorts. Robert Farnon. Haydn Wood. Robert Elkin in his book Queen's Hall says of Newman, "His temperament was typically British in its initiative, dogged perseverance, and belief in promoting the practical best of everything; he was completely honest and sincere; and his slightly fierce appearance and terse manner concealed a generosity and courtesy none the less genuine because not discerned on the surface.
Newman was certain that there was an audience in London for the best kind of music if offered at first in a popular form, the aim being to gradually educate his audience, and decided to promote a series of Promenade Concerts in at Queen's Hall with a permanent orchestra. Newman was unable to finance the venture himself but the eminent aurist and laryngologist, Dr. George C. The lighting was a combination of gas and electricity.
The original decor consisted of grey and terracotta walls, Venetian red seating, large red lampshades suspended just above the orchestra's heads, mirrors surrounding the arena, and portraits of the leading composers to the sides of the platform. Forster , as "the attenuated Cupids who encircle the ceiling of the Queen's Hall, inclining each to each with vapid gesture, and clad in sallow pantaloons". In the centre of the arena there was a fountain containing pebbles, goldfish and waterlilies.
It must have happened thirty-five times every night. Foreigners came from all parts of Europe to see it".
In July , Bernard Shaw described it as "cigar-shaped with windows in the ceiling, and reminiscent of a ship's saloon … now much the most comfortable of our small concert rooms".
At the time, and subsequently, the hall was celebrated for its superb acoustics, unmatched by any other large hall in London. Soon after its opening, Shaw praised it as "a happy success acoustically". He calculated that the unbroken surface and the wooden lining would be "like the body of the violin — resonant". Shortly before the opening, Ravenscroft appointed Robert Newman as manager.
Newman had already had three different careers, as a stockjobber , a bass soloist, [n 4] and a concert agent. The Queen's Hall first opened its doors on 25 November Newman gave a children's party in the afternoon, and in the evening 2, invited guests attended what Elkin describes as "a sort of private view", with popular selections played by the Band of the Coldstream Guards , and songs, piano and organ solos performed by well-known musicians. After the performances, the seats in the arena were removed, lavish refreshments were served, and the guests danced.
On 27 November there was a smoking concert given by the Royal Amateur Orchestral Society, of which Prince Alfred the second son of Queen Victoria was both patron and leader. The performance was attended by the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught.
Knightley had built a royal box in the grand circle, but Prince Alfred told Newman, "my brother would never sit in that", and Newman had it demolished. The official opening of the hall took place on 2 December.
In the second part of the programme there was a performance of Beethoven 's Emperor Concerto , with Frederick Dawson as soloist. From the autumn of , the hall was adopted as the venue for the annual winter season of concerts of the Philharmonic Society of London , which had formerly been held at St James's Hall.
The Society remained at the Queen's Hall until To fill the hall during the heat of the late-summer period, when London audiences tended to stay away from theatres and concert halls, Newman planned to run a ten-week season of promenade concerts , with low-priced tickets to attract a wider audience than that of the main season.
Costs needed to be kept down, and Newman decided not to engage a star conductor, but invited the young and little known Henry Wood to conduct the whole season. He introduced major classical works, such as Beethoven symphonies, normally restricted to the more expensive concerts presented by the Philharmonic Society and others.
Popular at first, gradually raising the standard until I have created a public for classical and modern music". Newman's determination to make the promenade concerts attractive to everyone led him to permit smoking during concerts, which was not formally prohibited at the Proms until Newman needed to find financial backing for his first season.With the purchase of a CD or Vinyl record dispatched from and sold by Amazon, you get 90 days free access to the Amazon Music Unlimited Individual plan. Melody on the Move - Clive Richardson Dance of the Blue Marionettes - Len Stevens the music recorded by the Queen's Hall Light Orchestra in the 's and 's will have little /5(10).