These people are teaching their old dogs and cats Test and Trace gets worse Death row inmate, 40, utters final words, 'I'm ready, Father' as he becomes the only black and seventh Tatler unveils its pick of the best school dinners in England - from Millfield's roast pork loin to Britain braces for 65mph winds and heavy 'persistent' rain tomorrow - with Boom crown rat: Magawa the bomb disposal rodent is awarded animal George Cross after discovering dozens of Julian Assange binge-watched footage of war criminal killing himself in court after losing his case, Comedian Lee Evans, 56, makes rare appearance since quitting showbiz for his wife Muslim porter successfully sues five-star hotel for religious harassment after bosses gave him 'cheap' Schoolgirl, 16, took her own life when she stepped in front of train after being teased about break-up, Boy, 11, who was wrongly suspected of being a future terrorist after writing letter to David Cameron and Gary Lineker's brother Wayne leaves Ibiza 'beaten and battered' after Covid forces closure of his nightclub Boris Johnson tells UN leaders 'climate action cannot be another victim of coronavirus' at virtual Meghan Markle stuns viewers of America's Got Talent by sending a personal video message to finalist who Many dictators create a cult of personality around themselves and they have also come to grant themselves increasingly grandiloquent titles and honours.
A benevolent dictatorship refers to a government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but is perceived to do so with the regard for benefit of the population as a whole, standing in contrast to the decidedly malevolent stereotype of a dictator.
A benevolent dictator may allow for some economic liberalization or democratic decision-making to exist, such as through public referenda or elected representatives with limited power, and often makes preparations for a transition to genuine democracy during or after their term.
It might be seen as a republic a form of enlightened despotism. The association between a dictator and the military is a common one; many dictators take great pains to emphasize their connections with the military and they often wear military uniforms. In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain ; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces. In other cases, the association is mere pretense.
Some dictators have been masters of crowd manipulation , such as Mussolini and Hitler. Others were more prosaic speakers, such as Stalin and Franco. Typically the dictator's people seize control of all media, censor or destroy the opposition, and give strong doses of propaganda daily, often built around a cult of personality. Mussolini and Hitler used similar, modest titles referring to them as "the Leader".
Franco used a similar title "El Caudillo " "the Head" and for Stalin his adopted name became synonyms with his role as the absolute leader. For Mussolini, Hitler, and Franco, the use of modest, non-traditional titles displayed their absolute power even stronger as they did not need any, not even a historic legitimacy either. Because of its negative and pejorative connotations , modern authoritarian leaders very rarely if ever use the term dictator in their formal titles, instead they most often simply have title of president.
In the 19th century, however, its official usage was more common:. Russia during their Civil War. Over time, dictators have been known to use tactics that violate human rights. For example, under the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin , government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings , secret police and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.
Most Gulag inmates were not political prisoners, although significant numbers of political prisoners could be found in the camps at any one time. Data collected from Soviet archives gives the death toll from Gulags at 1,, Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in In all, an estimated 1.
The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Sudan 's military dictator Omar al-Bashir over alleged war crimes in Darfur. The formal definition yields an interesting distinction between two different types of dictators.
Mancur Olson suggests that the emergence of dictatorships can be linked to the concept of "roving bandits", individuals in an atomic system who move from place to place extracting wealth from individuals.
These bandits provide a disincentive for investment and production. Olson states that a community of individuals would be better served if that bandit were to establish himself as a stationary bandit to monopolize theft in the form of taxes.
Except from the community, the bandits themselves will be better served, according to Olson, by transforming themselves into "stationary bandits". By settling down and making themselves the rulers of a territory, they will be able to make more profits through taxes than they used to obtain through plunder. By maintaining order and providing protection to the community, the bandits will create a peaceful environment in which their people can maximize their surplus which means a greater taxable base.
Thus a potential dictator will have a greater incentive to provide security to a given community from which he is extracting taxes and conversely, the people from whom he extracts the taxes are more likely to produce because they will be unconcerned with potential theft by other bandits. This is the rationality that bandits use in order to justify their transformation from "roving bandits" into "stationary bandits".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Authoritarian form of government. Main article: Roman dictator. Main article: Military dictatorship. Main article: One-party state. Main article: Absolute monarchy. Main article: Caudillo. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. December See also: Dictatorship of the proletariat. Greenwood Publishing Group. Frantz, Erica. New York: Continuum.
World Politics. The Journal of Politics. The American Political Science Review. International Studies Review. Comparative Politics. The Canadian Journal of Sociology. Dictators and dictatorships: understanding authoritarian regimes and their leaders. Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. Boulder, CO: Rienner. The Journal of Politics : — Economist Intelligence Unit. Democracy and Dictatorship: Conceptualization and Measurement". Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. According to ancient tradition, the office of dictator was created in bc ,….
Tyrant , a cruel and oppressive ruler or, in ancient Greece, a ruler who seized power unconstitutionally or inherited such power. In the 10th and 9th centuries bce , monarchy was the usual form of government in the Greek states. The aristocratic regimes that replaced monarchy were by the 7th…. Ancient Rome, the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in bc, through the events leading to the founding of the republic in bc, the establishment of the empire in 27 bc, and the final eclipse of….A dictator is someone who has absolute power — or who at least behaves as if they do by bossing others around.