Dictator

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A benevolent dictatorship refers to a government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but is perceived to do so with the regard for benefit of the population as a whole, standing in contrast to the decidedly malevolent stereotype of a dictator.

A benevolent dictator may allow for some economic liberalization or democratic decision-making to exist, such as through public referenda or elected representatives with limited power, and often makes preparations for a transition to genuine democracy during or after their term.

It might be seen as a republic a form of enlightened despotism. The association between a dictator and the military is a common one; many dictators take great pains to emphasize their connections with the military and they often wear military uniforms. In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain ; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces. In other cases, the association is mere pretense.

Some dictators have been masters of crowd manipulation , such as Mussolini and Hitler. Others were more prosaic speakers, such as Stalin and Franco. Typically the dictator's people seize control of all media, censor or destroy the opposition, and give strong doses of propaganda daily, often built around a cult of personality. Mussolini and Hitler used similar, modest titles referring to them as "the Leader".

Franco used a similar title "El Caudillo " "the Head" and for Stalin his adopted name became synonyms with his role as the absolute leader. For Mussolini, Hitler, and Franco, the use of modest, non-traditional titles displayed their absolute power even stronger as they did not need any, not even a historic legitimacy either. Because of its negative and pejorative connotations , modern authoritarian leaders very rarely if ever use the term dictator in their formal titles, instead they most often simply have title of president.

In the 19th century, however, its official usage was more common:. Russia during their Civil War. Over time, dictators have been known to use tactics that violate human rights. For example, under the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin , government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings , secret police and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.

Most Gulag inmates were not political prisoners, although significant numbers of political prisoners could be found in the camps at any one time. Data collected from Soviet archives gives the death toll from Gulags at 1,, Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in In all, an estimated 1.

The International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Sudan 's military dictator Omar al-Bashir over alleged war crimes in Darfur. The formal definition yields an interesting distinction between two different types of dictators.

Mancur Olson suggests that the emergence of dictatorships can be linked to the concept of "roving bandits", individuals in an atomic system who move from place to place extracting wealth from individuals.

These bandits provide a disincentive for investment and production. Olson states that a community of individuals would be better served if that bandit were to establish himself as a stationary bandit to monopolize theft in the form of taxes.

Except from the community, the bandits themselves will be better served, according to Olson, by transforming themselves into "stationary bandits". By settling down and making themselves the rulers of a territory, they will be able to make more profits through taxes than they used to obtain through plunder. By maintaining order and providing protection to the community, the bandits will create a peaceful environment in which their people can maximize their surplus which means a greater taxable base.

Thus a potential dictator will have a greater incentive to provide security to a given community from which he is extracting taxes and conversely, the people from whom he extracts the taxes are more likely to produce because they will be unconcerned with potential theft by other bandits. This is the rationality that bandits use in order to justify their transformation from "roving bandits" into "stationary bandits".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Authoritarian form of government. Main article: Roman dictator. Main article: Military dictatorship. Main article: One-party state. Main article: Absolute monarchy. Main article: Caudillo. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. December See also: Dictatorship of the proletariat. Greenwood Publishing Group. Frantz, Erica. New York: Continuum.

World Politics. The Journal of Politics. The American Political Science Review. International Studies Review. Comparative Politics. The Canadian Journal of Sociology. Dictators and dictatorships: understanding authoritarian regimes and their leaders. Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. Boulder, CO: Rienner. The Journal of Politics : — Economist Intelligence Unit. Democracy and Dictatorship: Conceptualization and Measurement". Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. According to ancient tradition, the office of dictator was created in bc ,….

Tyrant , a cruel and oppressive ruler or, in ancient Greece, a ruler who seized power unconstitutionally or inherited such power. In the 10th and 9th centuries bce , monarchy was the usual form of government in the Greek states. The aristocratic regimes that replaced monarchy were by the 7th…. Ancient Rome, the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in bc, through the events leading to the founding of the republic in bc, the establishment of the empire in 27 bc, and the final eclipse of….

A dictator is someone who has absolute power — or who at least behaves as if they do by bossing others around.

8 Replies to “Dictator”

  1. Dictator definition is - a person granted absolute emergency power; especially, history: one appointed by the senate of ancient Rome. How to use dictator in a sentence.
  2. Dictator definition, a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession. See more.
  3. Define dictator. dictator synonyms, dictator pronunciation, dictator translation, English dictionary definition of dictator. n. 1. a. An absolute ruler. b. A tyrant; a despot. 2. An ancient Roman magistrate appointed temporarily to deal with an immediate crisis or emergency.
  4. 8 synonyms of dictator from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 36 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Find another word for dictator. Dictator: a person who uses power or authority in a cruel, unjust, or harmful way.
  5. Dictator, in the Roman Republic, a temporary magistrate with extraordinary powers, nominated by a consul on the recommendation of the Senate and confirmed by the Comitia Curiata (a popular assembly). The dictatorship was a permanent office among some of the Latin states of Italy, but at Rome it was resorted to only in times of military, and later internal, crises.
  6. Another word for dictator. Find more ways to say dictator, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at lirichildbagcalot.smutuatiminincolthuadyrocirrrighces.co, the world's most trusted free thesaurus.
  7. May 16,  · Directed by Larry Charles. With Sacha Baron Cohen, Anna Faris, John C. Reilly, Ben Kingsley. The heroic story of a dictator who risked his life to ensure that democracy would never come to the country he so lovingly oppressed/10(K).
  8. Dictatorship, form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. Dictators usually resort to force or fraud to gain despotic political power, which they maintain through the use of .

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